SCUKTURE AND READING
1. The North Pole___________ a latitude of 90 degrees north.
A. it has
B. is having
C. which is having
2. The city of Beverly Hills is surrounded on ________ the city of Los Angeles.
A. its sides
B. the sides are
C. it is the side of
D. all sides by
3. ________ greyhound, can achieve speeds up to thirty-six miles per hour.
B. The fastest
C. The fastest dog
D. The fastest dog, the
4. Marmots spend their time foraging among meadow plants and flowers or ________ on rocky cliffs.
A. gets sun
C. the sun
5. The greenhouse effect occurs ________ heat radiated from the Sun.
A. when does the Earth’s atmosphere trap
B. does the Earth’s atmosphere trap
C. when the Earth’s atmosphere traps
D. the Earth’s atmosphere traps
Qoestion Written Expresstion:
6. On the floor of the Pacific Ocean is hundreds of flat-topped mountains more than a mile
A B C D
beneath sea level.
7. Because of the flourish with which John Hancock signed the Declaration of Independence,
his name become synonymous with signature.
B C D
8. Segregation in public schools was declare unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1954.
A B C D
9. Sirius, the Dog Star, is the most brightest star in the sky with an absolute magnitude about
twenty-three times that of the Sun.
10. Killer whales tend to wander in family clusters that hunt, play, and resting together.
A B C D Answer:
6. B – are –> masuk dalam kategori Inversion. Subjek kalimat adalah hundreds of flat-topped mountains.
7. C – became –> signed (past) paralel dengan became (past) bukan become (present)
8. B – was declared –> Passive Voice (Be + VIII)
9. A – the brightest star –> Ingat aturan Comparison degree -Supelative
10. C – rest –> Hunt, play, and rest together (Harus paralel)
This section is the last section in the TOEFL test. The longest and most time consuming. In this section, test takers must work 50 items in 55 minutes. So that the average time it takes to do one question is one minute. It is certainly much longer if we compare it with the average time to work on one question SWE (Structure & Written Expressions) is less than 45 seconds.
In this section, there are five readings (passage), with a number of questions (between 7-13 questions) below. The questions asked of the information contained in the text, either explicit information (explicit) or implicit (implied). So, in fact this part marupakan easiest part because all the answers are found in the literature SURE. The important thing is where the answers we are looking for it. If we are people who read a hobby, then there is a tendency to get a better score. In fact, this section can be used as “mine value ‘to cover the shortfall in Section Listening and Structure.
To do this part well, then we must have the ability to read a good technique. Two of the techniques that must be mastered is skimming and scanning.
Skimming is a quick read a text to get the main idea, the main idea, or the contents of literature in general. At this skill we are not looking for specific information, only the basic idea of reading that we seek. So it does not need to read the entire passage.
Scanning is fast memaca FIND a text for specific information. Thus we have the questions in advance and look for answers in a manner to be scanned. On scanning, information that is not relevant to what we were looking for were ignored. So in a scanning, we must have the words that we want to find in the literature. In general, this scanning skills that we use in working on the problems Reading Comprehension.
In the Reading Comprehension section, participants tend to read the text first and then try to answer the question. It is highly not recommended. START SCAN QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS IN READING. So, read the text first becomes ineffective in the context of scanning strategies. If we read the text first and answer questions later, then we will go back again to the reading to answer this question INEFFECTIVE!
There are 4 types of questions in Section Reading Comprehension:
MAIN IDEA question: namely the question asked yan main idea, main idea, theme or title of the reading (reading TOEFL is not accompanied by the title!). The number of these questions there is only ONE and generally placed as the first question in a single text.
DETAILS question: namely the question asking specific information in the texts. Answers to questions of this type are found in the literature EXPRESS (EXPRESS). The amount of this question at most in each reading.
Implied question: is similar questions as the question detail, by way of answering that is also equal to answer detailed questions. However, the answer to the question of this kind is found in the reading IMPLIED (IMPLIED). The number of questions is not as much a question Details.
Vocabulary question: is the question that asks synonyms or search for the meaning equivalent word closest to the word in question. Answering this question must be guessed BASED context of the sentence. Avoid guess just by relying on our knowledge without checking it in a sentence reading. Always read the sentence in which a word asked intact, then guess based on the context of the sentence. There is no other way to answer these types of questions except by guessing based on context.
Pertnyaannya then is: what if the first question is the Main Idea reading? Question asking the content of reading, or reading the basic idea. The answer is: drive through ANSWERING QUESTIONS MAIN IDEA, BUT DO NOT ANSWER THE QUESTIONS THAN PAST THE MAIN IDEA.
This is because LAY THAN ANSWERS FROM THE MAIN IDEA SORTED DOWN IN READING. For example, question No. 1 is the Main Idea, but question No. Detail 2 is a question, then the answer to question No. 2 found in reading the first lines. If question No. 3, for example, is Implied, then the answer to this question is located under the previous question. Continue as such until the last question. If we go back again to question 1 on Main Idea, so now we can definitely answer it, because we’ve been reading passages from the top to finish. But at the same time we also finished answering questions in addition to the main idea because the answer lies in the text sequences. Well, if you start working on the third section of this by reading the text, now start working on this section of questions and then scan was the answer in the text. Now we can estimate the location of the answer because it is sorted in the text. Easy, right?
Here is a detailed strategy to answer any kind of questions on Reading Comprehension Section:
MAIN IDEA QUESTION
Editors sentence questions Main Idea of which is: What is the topic of the passage? / What is the subject of the passage? / What is the main idea of the passage? / What is the author’s main point in the passage? / With what topic is the primary author concerned? / Which of the following would be the best title of the passage?
If you want to answer this question without a pass, read the first sentence in each paragraph.
Think of a theme readings that can be inferred from the first sentences in each paragraph.
Eliminate answer choices: too general, too specific, or not related at all to the topic of reading.
The answer to the question the main idea should be fit to explain the content of the readings, should not exceed (its scope is too general / broad) or less (scope is too narrow).
Note: the question of ‘main idea’ is not to be immediately answered. Leave it blank in the answer sheet to be filled later after completing the questions afterwards. However, be careful when marking answers on the answer sheet. Not to discolor the option to answer that we pass. In practice, we are more likely to be passed to answer this type of question than answer directly. Read and find the ultimate mind (main idea) in each paragraph and conclude then selecting the same answer with our conclusions will be much longer than we do the questions that can be answered directly by means of scanning.
The locations of stars in the sky relative to one another do not appear to the naked eye to change, and as a result stars are often considered to be fixed in position. Many unaware stargazers falsely assume that each star has its own permanent home in the nighttime sky.
In reality, though, stars are always moving, but because of the tremendous distances between stars themselves and from stars to Earth, the changes are barely perceptible here. An example of a rather fast-moving star demonstrates why this misconception prevails; it takes approximately 200 years for a relatively rapid star like Bernard’s star to move a distance in the skies equal to the diameter of the earth’s moon. When the apparently negligible movement of the stars is contrasted with the movement of the planets, the stars are seemingly unmoving.
1. Which of the following is the best title for this passage?
a. What the eye can see in the sky
b. Bernard’s star
c. Planetary Movement
d. The Evermoving stars
2. The expression “naked eye” in line 1 most probably refers to
a. a telescope
b. a scientific method for observing stars
c. unassisted vision
d. a camerawith a powerful lens
3. According to the passage, the distances between the stars and Earth are
a. barely perceptible
4. The word “perceptible” in line 5 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
5. In line 6, a “misconception” is closest in meaning to a (n)
b. proven fact
c. erroneous belief